Amoh-Gyimah, R., Saberi, M., Sarvi, M. Exploring the Effects of Land Use, Travel Behavior, and Socio-Economic Characteristics on Safety at the Planning Level: Empirical Evidence from Melbourne. [Working Paper]
Understanding the relationship between road crashes, traffic, socio-economic, and land use characteristics is necessary in evaluating the safety impacts of urban policies at the planning level. The aim of this paper is to provide further empirical evidence on the significance and magnitude of various planning factors that influence transportation safety at the network level. We estimate multiple Negative Binomial (NB) regression models to explore the impact of different planning factors, individually and combined, at different geographical levels. Results suggest that vehicle kilometers traveled (VKT), percentage of population cycling to work, percentage of households with low income, and land use balance mix index significantly influence number of crashes. We also show that using different spatial units could produce different modeling outcomes, as expected. The study is a first step towards integration of safety modeling into the transportation planning.